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The second ruler of the fourth dynasty and son of Snefru named Khufu (Cheops) was the ruling pharaoh during the time of the Great Pyramid. In fact, he was the one who ordered the transfer of the royal necropolis to Giza, which is just north of what you now known as Cairo.

Based on the findings of Herodotus, the ancient Greek historian, this ancient pharaoh enslaved his people to build the great pyramid. However, some archaeologists begged to disagree with his revelations.

The Great Pyramid

Khufu’s workers built the pyramid almost perfectly on the north in the Giza Plateau. The biggest pyramid ever constructed has around 2.3 million stone blocks that weighs about 2.5 to 15 tons each. The archeologists calculated that the builders would had to place one block every couple and half minutes.

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The Features Inside

There are three burial chambers in the great pyramid. You can find the first chamber underground that was carved into bedrock. The early explorers refer to the second one located in the aboveground chamber as the queen’s chamber. Yet, more recent findings reveal that this chamber was not really meant for one of his wives, but it was supposed to store a sacred statue of the pharaoh himself.

On the other hand, the third is the pharaoh’s chamber that housed a red granite sarcophagus positioned nearly in the center of the pyramid. His chamber can only be accessed in the 8 meter high Grand Gallery by moving the granite blocking systems because it was closed off from robbers.

The Pyramid of Giza was the focus of an intricate complex that contained a valley temple, a causeway, a mortuary temple, five boat pits, several small pyramids, quite a few small pyramids and several flat-roofed tombs for the royal family. There is no wonder why it is considered as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world – and is the only one still standing today.

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