The Egyptian Museum in Cairo have just allowed the public to view the earliest-known samples of ancient hieroglyphics as a part of their new exhibition. It described the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza, which is one of the seven great wonders of the Ancient World.
The Fascinating Discovery
A combined team of Egyptian and French archaeologists uncovered a momentous discovery inside a cave at the Red Sea port of Wadi el-Jarf. These were hundreds of papyrus fragments with inscriptions, which were the oldest ever recovered in Egypt.
In the detailed interview with Egyptologists Gregory Marouard and Pierre Tallet on the journal entitled Near Eastern Archaeology, they revealed that they found logbook during Pharaoh Khufu’s 27th reign where it shared the construction of the Great Pyramid.
After these findings, these archaeologists discovered another set of fragments that they transferred to the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. Six of these papyri were then sent to the same museum for display.
The Work Diaries
The hieroglyphic texts in the logbook where written by ranking inspector Merer over 4,500 years ago. He jotted down all the details of the construction operations over the course of several months when it was nearly done. He even mentioned that they transported the limestone blocks by boat along the Nile River to the construction site itself. This shipment usually lasted for around two to three days.
On the other hand, the papyri indicated the kind of food distribution the workers experienced back then and it also accounts the number sheep imported. These findings portrayed the kind of administrative power the pharaoh had back then.
The Great Pyramid of Giza finished construction sometime between 2560 and 2540 B.C. This 450 feet tall pyramid took around 23 years to build and it reigned as the tallest structure in the globe for about 4,000 years. Among the seven wonders, it is the only great wonder that is still standing today.